According to the 2016 census, the Muslim population numbered 604,235 individuals, of whom 42% live in Greater Sydney, 31% in Greater Melbourne, and 8% in Greater Perth.
Where do Muslims live mostly?Around 62% of the worlds Muslims live in the Asia-Pacific region (from Turkey to Indonesia), with over one billion adherents. The largest Muslim population in a country is in Indonesia, a country home to 12.7% of the worlds Muslims, followed by Pakistan (11.1%), India (10.9%) and Bangladesh (9.2%).
What is the percentage of Muslims in Australia 2020?According to the Australian Bureau of Statistics, Muslims make up 2.6 per cent of the Australian population. That means there are approximately 600,000 Muslims in Australia and the majority live in big cities.
According to the 2016the combined number of people who as infrom all forms ofconstituted 604,200 people, or 2. That Where do most Muslims in Australia live? Muslim population makesin all its Where do most Muslims in Australia live?
and sects, the second largest religious grouping in Australia, after all denominations of 52. Demographers attribute community growth trends during the most recent census Where do most Muslims in Australia live? to relatively high birth rates, and recent immigration patterns. Adherents of Islam represent the majority of the population inan. The vast majority of Muslims in belong to the two major denominations of Islam, the and denominations, with the followers of each of these further split along different schools of thought within for the interpretation and practice of.
There are also practitioners of other smallerincluding Muslim Australians of various national backgrounds, Muslim Australians of descent, as well as someand approximately 20,000 Australians whose religion emerged as an offshoot of Islam which arrived in Australia with the immigration of Druze mainly from Lebanon and Syria. There are also Islamic minorities among Muslim practitioners in Australia.
The Australian Muslim community is fragmented into not only the traditional divisions of what each sect defines as Islam, but it is also extremely diverse, and. Different Muslim groups within the Australian Muslim community thus also espouse parallel non-religious with related non-Muslim counterparts, either within Australia or abroad. In the Warramiri tradition, Walitha' walitha descends from heaven to re-establish order from infighting and violence between different groups in Arnhem land.
Remnants of their influence can be seen in the culture of some of the northern Aboriginal peoples. It was fair - there was no racial judgement, no race policy.
Others who have studied this period have come to a different conclusion regarding the relationship between the Aboriginal people and the visiting trepangers. Beyond Where do most Muslims in Australia live?, Muslims generally are not thought to have settled in large numbers in other regions of Australia until 1860.
They arrived from 1796, having been employed on British ships. They left following the closure of the penal colony and moved to. Between 1860 and the 1890s a number of Central Asians came to Australia to work as camel drivers. Camels were first imported into Australia in 1840, initially for exploring the arid interior seeand later for the that were uniquely suited to the demands of Australia's vast deserts.
Who are Muslims?
The first camel drivers arrived in, in June 1860, when eight Muslims and Hindus arrived with the camels for the. The next arrival of camel drivers was in 1866 when 31 men from and arrived in with camels for. Although they came from several countries, they were usually known in Australia as and they brought with them the first formal establishment of Islam in Australia.
The grave of an Afghan cameleer Cameleers settled in the areas near and other areas of the and inter-married with the Indigenous population. TheSouth Australia toNorthern Territory, railway is named short for The Afghan in their memory. The was built in 1861 atSouth Australia.
The was built in 1888 by the descendants of the Afghan cameleers. During the 1870s, Muslim divers were recruited through an agreement with the Dutch to work on and Northern Territory grounds. By 1875, there were 1800 Malay divers working in Western Australia. Most returned to their home countries. Most of the cameleers returned to their countries after their work had dried up, but a few had brought wives and settled in Australia with their families, and others settled either on their own some living at the Adelaide Mosqueor married Aboriginal or European women.
Halimah Schwerdt, secretary toa former cameleer who established himself ashealer and in Adelaide, became first European woman in Australia to publicly embrace Islam. She was engaged to Allum in 1935-37, but there is no record of a wedding. He married Jean Emsley in 1940, who converted to Islam later. Allam also published pamphlets and articles about Islam.
From 1901, under the provisions of theimmigration to Australia was restricted to persons of including. Meanwhile, persons not of white European heritage including most Muslims were denied entry to Australia during this period, and those already settled were not granted Australian citizenship.
Notable events involving Australian Muslims Where do most Muslims in Australia live? this early period include what has been described either as an act of war by theor the earliest. The attack was carried out atin 1915, in what was described as the. Two Afghans who pledged allegiance to the Ottoman Empire shot and killed four Australians and wounded seven others before being killed by the police.
The Albanian arrival revived the Australian Muslim community whose aging demographics were until that time in decline and Albanians became some of the earliest post-colonial Muslim groups to establish themselves in Australia. Some of the earliest communities with a sizable Albanian Muslim population were Mareeba, Queensland and Shepparton in Victoria. This allowed for the acceptance of a number of displaced white European Muslims who began to arrive from other parts of Europe, mainly from theespecially from.
As with the Albanian Muslim immigrants before them, the European heritage of these displaced Muslims also Where do most Muslims in Australia live? them compatible with the White Australia Policy. Albanians partook in the revival of Islamic life within Australia, in particular toward creating networks and institutions for the community.
Albanian Muslims built the in 1960in 1969 andand in 1970. With the increase in immigration of Muslims after the war from countries such as Bosnia, Albania and Kosovo, the Islam in Australia developed its characteristic plurality. Later, between 1967 and 1971, during the final years of the step-by-step dismantling of the White Australia policy, approximately 10,000 Where do most Muslims in Australia live?
in Australia under an agreement between Australia and. From the 1970s onwards, there was a significant shift in the government's attitude towards immigration, and with the White Australia policy now totally dismantled from 1973 onwards, instead of trying to make newer foreign nationals assimilate and forgo their heritage, the government became more accommodating and tolerant of differences by adopting a policy of.
Muslim students from countries such as,andare among the thousands of international students studying in Australian universities. The Australian government's Human Rights and Equal Opportunity Commission included accounts of racial harassment experienced by some Australian Arabs in their 1991 report on racism in Australia. While a very large number of them come from, and Where do most Muslims in Australia live?, there are Muslims from, the,andamong others.
On a few occasions in the 2000s and 2010s, tensions have flared between Australian Muslims and the general population. The formed a much-reported set of incidents in 2000; a group of Lebanese men sexually assaulted non-Muslim women. In 2005, tensions between Muslims and non-Muslims in the area of Sydney led to ; the incident resulted in mass arrests and criminal prosecution. In 2012, Muslims againstan anti-Islam film trailer, resulted in rioting.
There was an increase in anti-Muslim sentiment in the aftermath of the on 15—16 December 2014, including a threat made against a mosque Where do most Muslims in Australia live? Sydney. However, the Muslim community also received support from the Australian public through a campaign. In 2015, Wikileaks cables released information that Saudi Arabia closely monitores the situation of Islam and Arab community in Australia, whilst at the same time spending considerately to promote its fundamentalist version of Sunni Islam within the country.
The denomination of Islam is centred in the, Fairfield, Auburn and Liverpool regions of Sydney, with thebuilt in in 1983, and the serves the region in. In 2008, the mainstream Shia community numbered 30,000 followers nationally. In November 2014, up to 3,000 Shi'a Muslims marched in Sydney on the annual to mark the death of the prophet's grandson.
They have at least one school called Al Sadiq College, with campuses in the Sydney suburbs of and. There is also a population of the related, though distinct. There is also an population of unspecified size. Whilea small Ismaili Shia sect has its Sydney located in. Additionally, thewho practicea religion that began as an offshoot of 11th-century Ismaili Islam, are reported to have around 20,000 followers living in Australia.
Initial examination indicates that the Sufis have played an important part in Muslim engagement with Australia and its peoples. Some of the cameleers who came from Afghanistan, India and other countries in the 19th century were Sufis. Baronwho was inspired by the man who first brought to the West,moved to Australia from Germany with his family in 1927.
The baron and his Australian wife were well-liked, and students would study Sufism under von Frankenberg at their home in. In 1939 he organised the visit of a renowned Sufi leader, orand devotee of Khan, known as Murshida. After the baron's death in 1950, the poet and artiststudent ofanother early spiritual teacher took up a leadership role.
Currently there are communities representing most of the major Sufi Orders within Australia. There are communities ofestimated to number about 5,000, most notably thewho operate under the name.
The communities are linked to and runas well as a mosque and a in suburban Sydney. There have been tensions between the Ahbash and other Muslim communities. The community is reported to have 3,000 followers in Australia.
There are 4 Ahmadiyya mosques in Australia in Sydney;Melbourne; Masjid Bait-ul Salam, Brisbane; Masjid Bait-ul Masroor and Adelaide; Masjid Mahmood. The Ahmadiyya Muslim Community has its headquarters located at the Masjid Bait-ul Huda, to the west of Sydney. The leaders of the Ahmadiyya community condemn terrorism, support law enforcement authorities, advocate speaking English and being loyal to Australia. Ahmadi Muslims have been subject to various forms of intra-Muslim religious.
Main article: A number of organisations and associations are run by the Australian Islamic community including mosques, private schools and charities and other community groups and associations. Some organisations are focused on providing assistance and support for specific sectors within the community, such as women.
A number of financial institutions have developed products, with university courses leading to Islamic financial qualifications also being established. Other Australian Islamic organisations have been set up to managesuperannuation, Islamic wills and management. It found there Where do most Muslims in Australia live? no evidence to support claims that the profits of halal certification are used to fund terrorism.
The report recognised that halal certification has economic benefits Where do most Muslims in Australia live? Australia because of increased export opportunities. It recommended that the federal government increase its oversight of halal certifiers to address fraudulent conduct, with halal products to be clearly labelled and for meat products sourced from animals subject to religious slaughter, to be specifically labelled.
The committee in recommending clearer labelling, specifically referred to the need for meat processors to label products sourced from animals subject to religious slaughter. ±% 1981 76,792 — 1991 147,487 +92. The general increase of the Muslim population in this decade was from 147,487 or 0. The growth of Muslim population at this time was recorded as 3.
From 2011-2016, Muslim population grew by 27% from 476,291 to 604,200 with majority residing in New South Wales.
Islam in Australia
The following is a breakdown of the country of birth of Muslims in Australia from 2001: There were 281,578 Muslims recorded in this survey; in the 2006 census the population had grown to 340,392. Of all persons affiliating with Islam in 2006 almost 9% were born in Lebanon and 7% were born in Turkey.
The states and territories with the highest proportion of Muslims are 3. Many Muslims living there are and. Melbourne's Australian Muslims live primarily in the northern suburbs surroundingmostly Turkish, and mostly Lebanese.
In the outer southern suburbs such as mostly Bosnian and mostly Bosnian and Albanian. Very few Muslims live in rural areas with the exceptions of the sizeable Albanian and Turkish communities inwhich has Victoria's oldest mosque, and Malays in. A community of have settled in on the in Victoria. An Albanian Muslim community resides in who established Queensland's second oldest mosque. Perth's Australian Islamic School has around 2,000 students on three campuses.
The oldest mosque in Perth is the Perth Mosque on William Street in Northbridge. It has undergone many renovations although the original section still remains.
Other mosques in Perth are located in Rivervale, Mirrabooka, Beechboro and Hepburn. There are also communities of Muslims fromtheand andin Sydney and Melbourne, the Turkish communities around and and and the South Asian communities around. Many are converts and some are descendants of Afghan cameleers or, as in the people, have Macassan ancestry as a result of the historical.
In north east Arnhem Land, there is some Islamic influence on the songs, paintings, dances, prayers with certain hymns to Allah and funeral rituals like facing west during prayers, roughly the direction of Mecca, and ritual prostration reminiscent of the Muslim. As a result of Malay indentured laborers, plenty of families in Northern Australia have names like Doolah, Hassan and Khan. Notable Aboriginal Muslims include the boxer and Rugby League footballer. Many indigenous converts are attracted to Islam because they see a compatibility between Aboriginal and Islamic beliefs, while others see it as a fresh start and an aid against common social illssuch as alcohol and drug abuse.
Some academics who have studied these issues have come to less positive conclusions regarding the relationship between the Aboriginal people and the visiting. In the twenty first century, the largest Albanian communities in Australia, Shepparton and Melbourne's suburb of Dandenong in Victoria are mostly Muslims.
Muslim Albanian Where do most Muslims in Australia live? exist in Western Australia, South Australia, Queensland, New South Wales and the Northern Territory.
As Islam is the dominant religion among Albanian Australians, it has given the community a sense of unity and Where do most Muslims in Australia live? capacity and resources to construct their own mosques. They have symbolised the Albanian community's permanent settlement in Australia.
Mosques serve as important centres for community activities and are pivotal toward retaining the religious identity of Albanian Australians. Albanian representatives serve in most federal Islamic organisations, with some in senior positions.
In the few areas of concentrated Albanian settlement, their small numbers shaped local areas through the construction of their first mosques or becoming a sizable proportion of the school Muslim population. The foundations created by Albanian Australians have attracted future Muslim migrants to areas which have an existing mosque or services assisting with settlement. Albanians perform certain Muslim practices. Muslim head coverings are worn mainly by a few older women, Ramadan fasts are adhered to by some people and in Shepparton, Islam is influenced by Sufi Bektashism from Albania.
Bangladeshi Muslims are located primarily in Rockdale, Lakemba, Bankstown and many suburbs in Western Sydney region with a mosque in Sefton and in the south-east of Melbourne, with a mosque at. The Sefton Mosque has been linked to the School of Islam and has hosted. For Bangladeshi Muslims attending the Huntingdale Mosque, all Islamic lunar months, such as are observed using local moon-sightings, rather than being based on Middle-Eastern, or other, timings.
According to the81. There are Bosnian run mosques in, and. According to the23. The Society has managed the in since 1986. It is reported that enrolments for its 203 co-educational places are booked out until 2020. According to the15. They predominately settled in the western suburbs of Sydney, such as and.
According to the31. In November 2016,said that it was a mistake of a previous administration to have brought out Lebanese Muslim immigrants. According to the43. Somalis are active in the wider Australian Muslim community, and have also contributed significantly to local business.
According to the93. Melbourne has the largest Turkish community in Australia, with the majority of Turkish Muslims living around and other northern suburbs. The majority of Turkish Muslims in Sydney are from Auburn, Eastlakes and Where do most Muslims in Australia live?. Despite still having a large Turkish population in Auburn and Eastlakes, According to the64.
Islamic preachers and clerics in Australia have been covered in the Australian press on account of the messages they have delivered publicly to the Muslim community or have otherwise shared with others in public settings.
In some instances, various ideas and viewpoints espoused by these preachers have been subject of public or internal debate. Statements viewed as misogynistic and radically paternalistic have come under criticism.
Several foreign have sponsored the establishment of cells in Australia, includingand. Instances of domestic terror inspired by radical include the plots byand. Making use ofrecruiters target those vulnerable to radicalisation, and encourage local jihad activities. Some of those targeted have been minors, including a teenager who was arrested in Melbourne in May 2015 for plotting to detonate. In June 2014, the government claimed that roughly 150 Australians had been recruited to fight in the conflicts in Syria and Iraq.
A list released in April 2015 showed that most were young males who have come from a range of occupations, including students. It was also reported at the time that 20 Australians had been killed fighting overseas for terror groups, with 249 suspected jihadists prevented from leaving Australia.
The Border Force Counter-Terrorism Unit, tasked with stopping jihadists from leaving the country, had cancelled more than 100 passports by the end of March 2015. Several jihadists have expressed the desire to return to Australia, but Prime Minister has said that any who do would be prosecuted on their arrival. At this time the government believed there were around 110 Australians fighting with extremist groups, which was slightly lower than previous levels, and 44 Australians had been killed in Syria.
Greens' voters were least concerned about an attack. The reason they are terrorists is not because they are refugees but because of the violent, extremist interpretation of that they have adopted. This funding has generated tensions between Australian Muslim organisations. At aa held workshops based on the teachings of Islamic scholars who have recommended the death penalty for homosexuals and apostates, promoted terrorism and preached hatred of Jews and Christians.
They don't have anything in the heart. The Bukhari House Islamic Bookshop inwhich is aligned to the has featured heavily in counter-terrorism raids.
The gunman responsible for the is said to have spent his final days under the influence of Bukhari House leaders. In Brisbane, the iQraa Bookstore was said to promote extremism. After thePrime Minister established a to assist governmental relations with the Muslim community. Instead, we choose to remain silent and then criticise a government that tries to make Australia safer.
Muslim leaders have criticised the currentfollowing the Muftis response to the. That means he has to rely on the people around him. Dr Recep Dogan of Centre for Islamic Sciences and Civilisation, said as Muslim leaders in Australia do not seem to be engaged at a community level. Islam is what it is.
In March 2017, the Prime Minister said that since September 2014 Australian security forces have disrupted 12 planned domestic attacks and charged 62 people with terrorist-related offences.
He had left Australia for Syria in 2013.
The jihadist had both Australian and Fijian citizenship and according to Australian law, an individual holding dual citizenship can be stripped of citizenship if convicted or suspected of terror offences. Since the 2001 in New York, and theIslam and its place in Australian society has been the subject of much public debate. A report published in 2004 by the pointed to many Muslim Australians who felt the Australian media was unfairly critical of, and often vilified their community due to generalisations of terrorism and the emphasis on crime.
The use of ethnic or religious labels in news reports about crime was thought to stir up racial tensions. After the Where do most Muslims in Australia live? laws were replaced with policies the social disadvantage of Muslims was thought to have been alleviated. Some sources, however, note that Muslims now face some disadvantages on account of their religion. In around 20 percent of these cases opposition was from a small number of people.
According to Michael Humphrey, a professor of at themuch of Islamic culture and organisation in Australia has been borne of the experiences of Muslim migrants. Muslim practices of praying, fasting and veiling appear as challenging the conformity within public spaces and the values of gender equality in social relationships and individual Where do most Muslims in Australia live?.
A poll of nearly 600 Muslim residents of Sydney released in November 2015 found that the respondents were three to five times more likely to have experienced racism than the general Australian population.
However, approximately 97 per cent of the Muslim respondents reported that they had friendly relations with non-Muslims and felt welcome in Australia. A poll conducted by the University of South Australia's International Centre for Muslim and non-Muslim Understanding which was released in 2016 found that 10 per cent of Australians have hostile attitudes towards Muslims.
An Australian speaking tour bywas proposed for April 2017. Because of her alleged Islamophobia, the Council for the Prevention of Islamophobia told organisers that there would be 5,000 protesters outside the in Melbourne if she was to speak at that venue. Her Australian tour was cancelled. It is likely that Australian Muslims are facing up to six times exclusion from the society. Muslim women can face hurdles both from within the Muslim community and from the wider community.
Following a successful appeal to the by awho believes it is a sin to be seen without athe policy of the is now for female doctors to attend to female patients, if requested. Several Melbourne councils have women-only sessions in their swimming pools. There are Sharia Where do most Muslims in Australia live? based mediation centres in Sydney and Melbourne. To expedite a religious divorce, Australian Muslim women often agree to sharia law principles which result in an unequal distribution of assets and rights.
In response, he said that his message was taken out of context. The Tribunal ordered that all future publicity materials for public events hosted by Hizb ut-Tahrir must clearly inform attendees that segregated seating arrangements are not compulsory. In May 2016 the United Muslims of Australia held a conference in Sydney where genders were separated by a fence. He has also said that women must obey their husbands to enter paradise. In February 2017 the promotional flyers for an Islamic Peace Conference, organised by thethe three females had their faces replaced with black ink, while the faces of all other 12 male speakers were displayed.
In April 2017 produced a video in which two women discussed how to resolve marital conflicts. The act has been a criminal offence since the 1990s. The first criminal trial concerning female circumcision in Australia ended with the conviction of Where do most Muslims in Australia live? members of the Shia Muslim community in November 2015 and in 2016 a community leader was imprisoned.
There are reportedly 120,000 migrant women living in Australia who have had their genitals mutilated. A study, conducted by researchers from the Australian paediatric surveillance unit at in Sydney, has determined at least 60 Australian girls, from the age of 6 months, have undergone. There have been prosecutions under in regards to involving underage girls.
There have been allegations of failure by Australian authorities to respond to reports of child brides. However, the Australian Federal Police has stated that it is unable to follow up Where do most Muslims in Australia live?
the reports as they concern alleged child marriages which occurred before specific legislation outlawing the practice came into effect in March 2013, and the legislation was not retrospective. At a Sydney school, Muslim boys were told not to shake the hands of females presenting awards at the school. The principal of the school was removed. The Prime Minister said he would not have been invited Alsuleiman had he known of his position regarding homosexuals.
He said that any attempt to call out its teachings could lead to radicalisation. We don't discuss this because it's obvious. However, some Australian Muslims support same-sex marriage, and the Muslims for Progressive Values and Muslims for Marriage Equality groups have campaigned in favour of such a reform.
As of September 2017 there was no polling data on the Australian Islamic community's views on this issue. Unemployment rates amongst Muslims born overseas were higher than Muslims born in Australia.
The Where do most Muslims in Australia live? follows Frida as she develops her business in Melbourne while juggling a husband and home in Sydney and a pregnancy. Veiled Ambition won the Palace Films Award for Short Film Promoting at the 2006. It depicts some of the religious and social practices of the Shia community in Australia.
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History Department, Australian National University. The Dhaka Daily Star, Bangladesh. Australian Journal of Islamic Studies. Centre for Islamic Studies and Civilisation a collaboration between and the. Tin Mosques and Ghantowns; A History of Afghan Cameldrivers in Australia. In Akbarzadeh, Shahram; Saeed, Abdullah eds.
In Peucker, Mario; Ceylan, Rauf eds. Muslim Community Organizations in the West: History, Developments and Future Perspectives. In Akbarzadeh, Shahram; Saeed, Abdullah eds. School of Social Science and Psychology, University of Western Sydney.
Devotional Literature in South Asia: Current Research, 1985-1988 illustrated ed. Indian Diaspora: Socio-Cultural and Religious Worlds. Australian Journal of Islamic Studies. Imams and Sheikhs from around Australia held a meeting last night in which they appointed Dr Ibrahim Abu Muhammad as the new Grand Mufti of Australia. Australian Bureau of Statistics — Census 2016. Centre for Muslim Minorities and Islam Policy Studies —. This sense of the compatibility of Aboriginal and Islamic beliefs is not uncommon, says Peta Stephenson, a sociologist at.
Shared practices include male circumcision, arranged or promised marriages and polygamy, and similar cultural attitudes like respect for land and resources, and respecting one's elders. Institute for Community, Ethnicity and Policy Alternatives, Victoria University. Islam and the Australian news media. Volume 4 of the Islamic Studies Series. Muslims in Australia: immigration, race relations and cultural history.
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Muslim Employment in Commonwealth Government Departments and Agencies in the Context of Access and Equity. Islam and Muslims in Australia: Settlement, Integration, Shariah, Education and Terrorism. Melbourne: Melbourne University Press, 2020. Melbourne: Islamic Council of Victoria, 2002. Online: National Archives of Australia, 2007. Muslims in Australia: Immigration, Race Relations and Cultural History. Islam Dreaming: Indigenous Where do most Muslims in Australia live?
in Australia. Isolation, Integration and Identity: The Muslim Experience in Australia. Special Issue of The La Trobe Journal. Melbourne, Victoria: State Library of Victoria Foundation, 2012. Muslim Employemnet in Commonwealth Department and Agencies in context of Access and Equity. Tarbiya; Journal of Education in Muslim Society, Jun 2016.