A lipid panel is a blood test that measures lipids—fats and fatty substances used as a source of energy by your body. Lipids include cholesterol, triglycerides, high-density lipoprotein (HDL), and low-density lipoprotein (LDL). This panel measures: Total cholesterol level.
A complete cholesterol test is also called a lipid panel or lipid profile. These tests measure levels of cholesterol and other fats in your blood.
Cholesterol is a waxy substance your body needs to produce certain hormones and to build the outer membrane of every cell. A complete cholesterol test measures the levels of lipids, or fats, in your blood.
Too much of it can cause cholesterol to build up on the walls of your arteries. This raises your risk of, and. When you eat, your body breaks down fats in your food into smaller molecules called. High levels of triglycerides in your blood increase your risk of developing cardiovascular disease.
Having obesity or unmanaged diabetes, drinking too much alcohol, and eating a high calorie diet can all contribute to high triglyceride levels. Your blood also contains another type of cholesterol linked to an called.
This is the total amount of in your blood. If your cholesterol numbers are outside of the normal range, you may be at a higher risk of heart disease, stroke, and atherosclerosis. Your doctor will consider other factors, such as What are the test under lipid profile? family history, weight, and exercise levels, to determine your risk.
If your test results are abnormal, your doctor may order a to check for diabetes. They might also order a to determine if your thyroid is underactive. Can test results be wrong? In some cases, cholesterol test results can be wrong. People with a family history of high cholesterol or other risk factors may need to get tested more often. In some cases, your doctor may ask you to fast before having your cholesterol levels tested.
If you do need to fast, you should avoid eating or drinking anything other than water for 9 to 12 hours before your test. To check your cholesterol levels, your doctor will need to get a sample of your blood. You will probably have your blood drawn in the morning, sometimes after fasting since the night before. A blood test is an outpatient procedure. It takes only a few minutes and is relatively painless.
Normal Lipid Panel: What’s Healthy and What Needs Follow
In some cases, it can also be performed during a regular doctor visit, at a local pharmacy, or even at home. If you have health insurance, cholesterol tests that are ordered by your doctor will likely be fully or partially covered by your health insurance plan. There are very few risks associated with having your blood drawn for a cholesterol test.
You may feel slightly faint What are the test under lipid profile? have some soreness or pain at the site where your blood was drawn. The reliability of home cholesterol tests can vary between brands. The reliability can also What are the test under lipid profile? affected by how well you follow the test instructions.
In aresearchers found that two point-of-care lipid testing devices were relatively accurate and operated within the industry standards. In aresearchers analyzed the performance of five types of commercially available home cholesterol tests. The researchers found that the Roche Accutrend Plus test had an excellent performance, but that several of the other products had poor accuracy and diagnostic ability. The researchers concluded that better regulation and standardization are needed for at-home cholesterol tests.
For the most reliable results, What are the test under lipid profile? testing may still be the best option, especially if you have risk factors for high cholesterol. High cholesterol can be treated with lifestyle changes and medication. Talk with your doctor about how to create a smoking cessation plan that will work for you.
Focus on eating a balanced diet that consists mostly of unprocessed foods. Try to eat a wide variety of vegetables, fruits, whole-grain products, low-fat dairy products, and lean sources of protein. Try to increase your intake of and limit your intake of foods that are high insuch as butter, cream, meat, and palm oil. Artificial are hazardous to your heart and health.
Read food labels and avoid foods that list partially hydrogenated items on the ingredients list. Aim for at least of moderate intensity aerobic activity per week.
This works out to about 22 minutes of exercise per day. Carrying too much weight is one of the main risk factors for high cholesterol. Talk with your doctor about what a is for you. With this meal plan, only 7 percent of your daily calories should come from saturated fat. It also requires you to get less than 200 mg of cholesterol from your food each day. Some foods may help your digestive tract absorb less cholesterol.
A cholesterol test can measure levels of cholesterol and fats in your blood to assess your risk of cardiovascular disease. Most healthy adults should get their cholesterol levels tested at least every 5 years. People with a family history or at an increased risk of high cholesterol should get tested more often. If you do have high cholesterol, your doctor can work with you to create a treatment plan to get your cholesterol levels into a healthy range.
Treatment for high cholesterol usually consists of some combination of dietary changes, increased exercise, smoking cessation, and medication. Last medically reviewed on March 14, 2022 Healthline has strict sourcing guidelines and relies on peer-reviewed studies, academic research institutions, and medical associations. We avoid using tertiary references. You can learn more about how we ensure our content is accurate and current by reading our. Comparing the accuracy of 2 point-of-care lipid testing devices.
Performance of commercially-available cholesterol self-tests. Comparison of methods to estimate low-density lipoprotein cholesterol in patients with high triglyceride levels.