Question: What did France do to Africa?

As the French pursued their part in the scramble for Africa in the 1880s and 1890s, they conquered large inland areas, and at first, ruled them as either a part of the Senegal colony or as independent entities. These conquered areas were usually governed by French Army officers, and dubbed military territories.

Why did France Imperialize Africa?

The main goal of colonizing West Africa was that they wanted to turn West African countries into a “French-state”. This means changing their way of living, making the official language French, making them convert into a new religion like Christianity. The French colonization changed the African culture.

How did France influence Africa?

France adopted an interventionist policy in Africa, resulting in 122 military interventions that averaged once a year from 1960 to the mid-1990s and included countries such as Benin (Operation Verdier in 1991), Central African Republic (Operation Barracuda in 1979 and Operation Almandin in 1996), Chad (Opération Bison ...

What did France control in Africa?

French West Africa was a federation of eight French colonial territories in Africa: Mauritania, Senegal, French Sudan (now Mali), French Guinea (now Guinea), Côte dIvoire, Upper Volta (now Burkina Faso), Dahomey (now Benin), and Niger.

What did France do to North Africa?

In 1830, French troops captured Algiers and from 1848 until independence in 1962, France treated Mediterranean Algeria as an integral part of France, the Métropole or metropolitan France. Seeking to expand their influence beyond Algeria, the French established protectorates to the east and west of it.

Did Norway colonize Africa?

Although never Norwegian territories, many settlements throughout the world were established by Norwegians. Examples include the Norwegian Colony in California, Marburg in South Africa, Joinville in Brazil, and Norsewood in New Zealand.

Did Britain take over Africa?

Once the slave trade was abolished, the British wanted to protect their trade route to India, so they tried to secure colonies from Cairo to the Cape, a region stretching from Egypt to South Africa. The British pushed out the Boers, or the Dutch settlers, to take control of mineral-rich South Africa.

Which country speaks the best French in Africa?

Gabon African Countries That Speak French Of these countries, Gabon comes in first as the African country with the greatest percentage of French speakers (80 percent) with Mauritius taking second at 72.7 percent and Côte dIvoire and Senegal tying for third with 70 percent.

Was Norway a British colony?

The Danes colonized many areas including holdings in Africa, the Americas, the Atlantic, and Asia. The medieval Norwegians colonized much of the Atlantic, including Iceland, Greenland, and the Faroe Islands, which were later inherited as colonies by the united kingdom of Denmark-Norway.

What does Beur mean in French?

Beur is a variation of the French term arabe, meaning Arab. It is used to refer to second-generation Algerian immigrants.

Instead it's among the first, exactly because of what it is doing in Africa. Is the current relationship between African countries and France preventing successful African development and sovereignty? The leaders of African countries can be corrupt and not working in the interest of their citizens but, even if they wanted to be honest leaders, they would not be able to do so.

France not only set limits on the imports of a range of items from outside the franc zone but also set minimum quantities of imports from France. These treaties are still in force and operational. Some of the consequences for the Africa countries of a policy of dependence are obvious: dependence on the French economy; dependence on the French military; and the open-door policy for French private enterprise. Moreover, the African countries do not have access to this money.

If they need more they have to borrow their own money from France at commercial rates.

What is France′s role in West Africa?

Thus these African states are French taxpayers but their citizens are not French and do not have access to public goods and services their money helps pay for. And if they know, do they care at all? France has the first right to buy any natural resources found on the What did France do to Africa? of its ex-colonies. The African countries What did France do to Africa?

What did France do to Africa?

also not allowed to seek other partners freely as the preference is given to French interests and companies in the field of public procurement. Besides, they are obliged to ally only with France during a situation of war or crisis. All in all, no wonder why French presidents and ministers are greeted by protests when they visit former French colonies in Africa.

A likely way What did France do to Africa? in Africa Over the past 60 years France has maintained a disproportionate influence over its former African colonies. France has guarded its interests in Africa through economic power, covert action and dozens of military interventions.

France has intervened in sub-Saharan Africa on five different occasions in the recent years, in addition to using intelligence and surveillance operations and countless semi-permanent military campaigns. Most recently, France launched Operation Barkhane, an ongoing counter-terrorism initiative spanning five countries in Africa's Sahel region and involving more than 3,000 personnel.

So it seems that France's military role in Africa will endure. France has a clear understanding of its national interests in Africa and of the threats jeopardizing connectivity and supply chain: in particular airports and ports whose control ensures the continued flow of goods, military equipment and personnel between France and its former colonies. It is up to France to decide when and whether a regime merits protection as already happened in Sudan in 2008, in Chad in 2008 and in the Central African Republic in 2012.


Furthermore, France pushed heavily for intervention in Libya against Muammar Gaddafi. The aim was to thwart Gaddafi's attempt to create a gold-backed African currency to supplant France as the dominant power in the Francophone Africa region.

Considerations The role of French security policy in Africa has long been recognized as a critical factor in African politics and international relations. But is French involvement in Africa really in the interest of Africans, or French intervention continues to deny African political freedom and to sustain their current social, economic and political conditions? In fact policies portrayed as promoting stability and development can be factors of instability, dependency, domination and subordination.

When Guinea demanded independence in 1958, France unleashed its fury destroying schools, nurseries, public administration buildings, cars, books, medicine, research institute instruments, tractors; animals were killed and food in warehouses was burned or poisoned. This was meant to send a message to other colonies that the consequences for rejecting France would be high. Conclusions Many Africans do maintain that the French have been at the frontline in the enslavement, colonisation and raping of their continent by stealing their gold, diamonds and other natural resources.

What did France do to Africa?

They also maintain that France colonial tax is bleeding Africa and feeding France. France has good reasons to seek to improve its image. Numerous resentments have built-up against it due to political interference and armed interventions. The United Nations and the European Union should seriously take stock of such a situation. There is still the possibility to remedy the critical conditions of Western and Central Africa.

What did France do to Africa?

These ideals, and the French Republic itself, cannot feel distant and empty to disaffected Africans who consider as fixed and tricked the French values imposed on them like a form of neocolonialism, and used as a pretext for discrimination.

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