Abstract reasoning tests assess your ability to identify the relationships between a series of shapes, patterns or images. The test is a good indicator of strategic thinking, how quickly you pick up new concepts and how well you cope under pressure. As a result, its popular with a wide variety of employers.
What does abstract aptitude mean?Abstract reasoning tests are much alike to inductive reasoning and diagrammatic reasoning tests. They attempt to measure your lateral thinking and fluid intelligence with the objective of finding the accuracy and speed in which you can identify and interpret the relationship between a collection of shapes and patterns.
Who is an abstract person?Abstract thinking is the ability to understand concepts that are real, such as freedom or vulnerability, but which are not directly tied to concrete physical objects and experiences. ... A great example of abstract thinking at work is humor. Comedians are experts in abstract thinking. They observe the world around them.
What is an abstract learner?Abstract Learners: Prefer the world of ideas and feelings. They use reason and intuition to deal with ideas, concepts, and feelings. ... She pulls in all the information she can find to see if she can make it fit together in a cohesive way, thereby developing an abstract, theoretical understanding of the topic.
The Logical Reasoning Test is one of the most popular forms of psychometric tests used during hiring processes. What Is a Logical Reasoning Test? The Logical Reasoning Test evaluates the candidate's logical abilities; his or her ability to draw logical conclusions from various situations presented to them. It allows employers to gain an impression regarding a candidate's ability to make decisions in a given time frame, as well as his or her ability to reason in a coherent and logical manner.
Below you will find further details about each of various logical reasoning tests, including free question examples: Verbal Logic Reasoning Test Verbal logic questions comprise an important part of reasoning tests, applicable to both verbal and logical reasoning tests. In these types of exercises, the candidate must determine whether two or more sentences have the same meaning despite being presented or structured in a different manner.
However, doing so has two major shortcomings: solving complex questions requires greater speed, and you are also very likely to encounter statements that are shocking, seemingly irrational or against your common sense, yet adhere to the fundamental rules of logic throughout. You will notice that, although the sentence seems strange in its What is an abstract aptitude test? right, this does not mean that it is devoid of logic; the absurdity What is an abstract aptitude test? this statement is only intended to confuse you.
In order to assist you with these kinds of problems, AptitudeTests. This method will allow you to systematize the exercises in a manner that allows for easier resolution. Ourenabling you to easily solve deductive reasoning exercises amongst others using simple and practical diagrams. Examples of Deductive Logical Reasoning Question The vast majority of swallows are blue.
What is the most logical conclusion? Answer The vast majority of swallows are blue so the answer must be C: there is a blue swallow. Syllogism Syllogism is a type of reasoning invented by Aristotle, entailing the deduction of a third proposition from two given ones, thus linking three assertions or arguments.
The two premises can also be divided. The conclusion, on the other hand, is the inferred consequence of the two premises and may be legitimate or illegitimate. A conclusion is illegitimate when, even though the premises are true, the conclusion is not consistent with the first two statements' assertions.
Example of Syllogism Question All humans are mortal. Similarly, the entire group cannot be cited as a conclusion when the statement presented relates to a specific subset of the group. The Missing Argument This type of exercise is composed of a deductive reasoning exercise's partial conclusion syllogism for instanceas well as its first argument.
The purpose of the exercise is to find a second argument which will lead to the proposed conclusion. The formal logic method explained in our can also be used in order to solve missing argument questions. Example of The Missing Argument Question All rabbits are dogs.
What additional information would be enough to conclude that all rabbits can swim? Answer The correct answer is answer D: All dogs can swim. Abductive Logical Reasoning Abduction, also called abductive reasoning, consists of a series of arguments followed by a conclusion. The purpose of the exercise is to determine whether the conclusion flows from all, some, or none of the arguments.
This type of exercise begins with an assertion or a sequence of actual observations A1, A2, A3, etc. Abductive reasoning does not What is an abstract aptitude test? to an implicitly true conclusion, but rather What is an abstract aptitude test? for the presentation of logical hypothesis which can then be verified through further investigation.
Example of Abductive Logical Reasoning Question When it rains there are puddles in the street. Molly sees puddles in the street. She therefore infers that it rained. This type of reasoning is probably the most difficult type of logical reasoning due to the ambiguous nature of the statement's conclusion. The is to become familiar with the logical principles of the questions and problems presented. Arrangements In this type of exercise, situations and rules govern different possibilities for placing or moving people or objects.
The rules are often prohibitions or obligations, for instance, it is forbidden to place person x in a certain place or, on the contrary, it is compulsory to do so. The strategy we recommend is to draw by hand a simple diagram based on the information presented to you in the statement. Example of Arrangements Questions Annie, Mary, and Diana are three sisters of different ages.
Whenever they are asked their names, each one states either her own name or the name of an older sister. Answerr The correct answer is answer C: Annie is the youngest sister.
Spatial Reasoning Test Spatial reasoning is one of the most popular types of logic exercises. It is used to analyze the candidate's spatial abilities i. There are many components of spatial reasoning tests.
For more information on the different kinds of exercises What is an abstract aptitude test? to see many more free examples, please visit the dedicated webpage. A test of abstract logic generally involves sequences of diagrams and geometric shapes repeated or modified in a logical order and therefore does not require prior knowledge, nor does it include numbers or texts.
It is used to judge an employee's potential and further development. The questions in this type of test are generally similar to spatial reasoning exercises. They generally consist of a series of figures, the number of which varies according to the specific test being taken. You must find the unique element among all others, i. As with the sequence of figures questions, one or more rules exist to help you perceive the order and arrangement of the elements.
Odd-one-out questions can be of varying levels of difficulty, ranging from very simple to extremely complicated. Some tests are composed of questions that increase in levels of difficulty, such as the cut-e ix scale. Example of a cut-e scales ix question Who is the odd-one-out?
Find more information about this test on the next page. Example of an Abstract Reasoning question cut-e scales clx © In the above cut-e Aon abstract reasoning exercise, two grids containing colored symbols and following a common rule are presented.
In the block on the right, four additional grids are presented. The candidate must find the two grids that follow the same rule out of these four options. Answer and explanation In this example, it is easy to see that the rule governing the two grids on the left is: blue triangles are present in each of the two bottom lines. This rule is followed in the two grids on the right.
Inductive Reasoning Test The inductive reasoning or inductive-logical thinking test is based on specific and limited observations, which may lead to general conclusions by way of fact analysis. However, unlike deductive and abductive reasoning, inductive reasoning is not based on verbal statement and is, more often than not, based on sequences of images and graphical forms whose order What What is an abstract aptitude test?
an abstract aptitude test? predictable. The inductive-logic test is one of the most popular logical reasoning tests used by employers and assessment centers. Successful completion of an inductive reasoning test demonstrates strong conceptual and analytical thinking skills.
© Answer and explanation The correct answer is answer D. In this example, there are two rules to be applied. The first is that the circle moves counter-clockwise in the hexagon. It follows that, in the following diagram, the circle will be in the upper corner of the hexagon, pointing to D as the answer. To confirm this, the second rule can be applied, according to which the position of the black triangle alternates between bottom left and top right.
Thus, in the following diagram, the black triangle will need to be in the upper right corner of the hex. The answer is therefore definitely D. Matrices Matrices are part of spatial reasoning exercises that can be considered more complex than those presented above.
A matrice may consist of nine or twelve elements, depending on the specific test. They are usually several logical sequences combined in a single exercise and these are typically composed of elements following each other horizontally or vertically. In matrices exercises, one of the elements is replaced by a question mark.
The aim of the exercise is to discover the What is an abstract aptitude test? that is supposed to be in that place, following the rules and logic governing the other sequences of the same matrice. Example of a Spatial Reasoning Question with Matrices The following matrice shows three sequences of figures from left to right: © AptitudeTests. Example of an Inductive-logical Thinking cut-e scales cls Exercise In the following exercise discovery of roles and interrelationshipssix diagrams are presented, each belonging to either the green or grey category.
Each category has a common rule. Your task is to determine the category for each of the four diagrams below. This information is sufficient to separate the two categories and thus solve the exercise. Diagrams A and C therefore belong to the green category, whilst diagrams B and D belong to the grey category.
Diagrammatic Reasoning Test Diagrammatic reasoning questions may appear in different forms. The basic figures are located in a square at the base of the arrows, whilst the final figures appear at the end of the arrows and are also surrounded by a square. Between these two types of figures, one or more functional figures round with a shape inside can be found, determining which transformation is applied to one or more of the basic figures.
Your task is to compare the basic figure s with the final figure s and determine the effect of each function. Next, you must answer the questions that appear after each screen. Example of a Diagrammatic Test Question Which of the proposals A, B, C or D completes the diagram? For both the two basic figures, the lower part of the figure has therefore been colored black whereas the size has only been modified for the basic figure number 1.
Since the common function figure is the hourglass, it can be deduced that its function is to color the lower half in black. Therefore, the diamond function must change the shape size. Consequently, the correct answer regarding the basic figure's appearance is answer D: the basic figure is a white circle. The function figure is that of the hourglass, whose function is to color the bottom half of the figure in black.
Indeed, the final figure in D is a circle whose bottom half is colored black. Regarding What is an abstract aptitude test? functional figure, the correct answer is answer B: the basic figure is a small white circle whereas the final figure is a large circle. This is a result of the diamond figure; whose function is to enlarge the shape. Useful information: It is necessary to practice solving as many inductive reasoning questions as possible before taking the test.
Inductive reasoning questions follow logic that can be assimilated What is an abstract aptitude test?
therefore identified much more quickly by practicing similar questions. The most common forms of inductive reasoning tests are sets of two forms A and Bmatrices, odd-one-out series, and symmetrical form sequences. To help practice in a more comprehensive manner, and in order to maximize your chance of succeeding in the exam, AptitudeTests.
For example, What is an abstract aptitude test? could practice solving puzzles, logic games, riddles, etc. Logical Reasoning - Deduction U.